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The challenges are even greater for women who lack the means to decide whether, when or how often they become pregnant.Gender inequality is pervasive worldwide, with negative or discriminatory attitudes, norms, policies and laws preventing women and girls from developing their capacities, seizing opportunities, entering the labour force, realizing their full potential and claiming their human rights.
Her options in life may be curtailed by limited options in sexual and reproductive health.
Without access to contraception, poor women, particularly those who are less educated and live in rural areas, are at heightened risk of unintended pregnancy.
This results in greater health risks and lifelong economic repercussions for herself and her children.
Gender-unequal norms not only influence whether a woman enters the labour force but can also dictate which types of jobs she may pursue, determine how much she will be paid and hinder her advancement in the workplace.
Countries with norms that prioritize employment for men over women have greater gender inequality in labour-force participation.